Foresighted though he may have been, when Bram Stoker wrote ‘Dracula’ in 1897 it’s unlikely that he considered the possible (future) impact on the Transylvanian economy and politico-cultural identity. But impact there is. And it’s been quite comprehensively examined by Dr. Light, Visiting Research Fellow at the School of Science & The Environment, Manchester Metropolitan University, UK. He has written, perhaps more than anyone, on the implications of Dracula Tourism in Romania.
See, for examples(s):
• Light, D. (2012) The Dracula Dilemma: Tourism, Identity and the State in Romania, Ashgate, Farnham. ISBN 978-1409440215
• Light, D. (2012) ‘Taking Dracula on holiday: The presence of ‘home’ in the tourist encounter’, in L. Smith, E. Waterton and S. Watson (eds) The Cultural Moment in Tourism, Routledge, London, 59-78
• Light, D. (2007) ‘Dracula tourism in Romania: Cultural Identity and the State’, Annals of Tourism Research 34 (3), 746-765