Philosophers (and others) have been pondering the implications of the ‘Brain in a Vat’ conundrum for many years. Possibly longer. And the pondering has not stopped – here is a (partial) list of recent ponderings.
● Do You Know That You Are Not a Brain in a Vat? Logos & Episteme, Volume 5, Issue 2, 2014, Pages 161-181
● Brain in a Vat Cannot Break Out Journal of Consciousness Studies, Volume 19, Numbers 1-2, 2012, pp. 126-142(17)
● A Moorean Response to Brain-in-a-Vat Scepticism Australasian Journal of Philosophy, Volume 80, 2002 – Issue 2
● I—How Both You and the Brain in a Vat Can Know Whether or Not You Are Envatted Aristotelian Society Supplementary, Volume 92, Issue 1, 2018, Pages 151–181
● How I Know I’m Not a Brain in a Vat Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplements, Volume 64
● How you know you are not a brain in a vat Philosophical Studies, volume 172, pages2799–2822(2015)
● Serious theories and skeptical theories: Why you are probably not a brain in a vat Philosophical Studies, volume 173, pages1031–1052(2016)
BONUS FACTOID : Steve Martin, who starred in the 1983 movie ‘The Man With Two Brains’ (one of which was in a vat) studied philosophy at California State University, Long Beach.